Angola: Emergency Schools for War Displaced Communities
in collaboration with Development Workshop (DW) and the Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA).
Since the renewal of civil war in December 1998, thousands of persons were internally displaced in Angola. There has been a major flow of populations from areas of conflict to the provincial towns. Whole villages have fled en-mass and settled together on the outskirts In the six months following January 1999, more than one million persons were displaced by the war. The province of Huambo had the largest concentration of displaced persons, reported to be around 175 000. Large numbers of displaced were also found in the provincial towns in Benguela and Huila.
The prolonged Angolan war had interrupted the schooling of thousands of Angolan children. Rural schools have been destroyed, teaching materials looted and children have been constantly on the move in search for security and safety. Whole generations of school age children have missed the opportunity of attending classes. Others who may have started attending classes in village schools had to break their courses when the war threatened and in many cases are no longer of eligible school attendance age. Therefore, the reestablishment of a framework of school classes for children was a central issue and a effective response to some of the psychological traumas of displaced communities.
Objectives and achievements
The main objective of this project was to strengthen the capacity of 20 community-based organizations and NGOs to provide basic school facilities for war-affected children in three provinces of central Angola: Huambo, Huila and Benguela.
The intended achievements were:
- Twenty school projects supported in the three provinces of Huambo, Huila and Benguela. Schools are normally 4 classrooms, and are all run for at least two shifts per day. Courses for adults are usually run in a third evening shift;
- Forty craftsmen professionally rehabilitated through training and equipping with tools;
- At least ten locals NGOs supported with management and project planning skills.
The project almost produced all the expected achievements and, in some case, surpassed certain objectives. Five thousands children were provided access to schools, where they gained basic literacy and numeracy skills that would permit them to reintegrate the existing educational system. In addition of the twenty school project supported, the project supported ten non-school buildings providing social and health services. Seventeen local organizations were supported with management and project skills and forty-five craftsmen trained.