Angola: Emergency Water Sanitation project

In collaboration with Development Workshop


Between 1994 and 1996, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) implemented a water and sanitation project in the planalto region of Angola (central plateau), specifically in the provinces of Huambo and Bie. It was a well-equipped project employing about 90 staff members. The programme constructed 80 water points and built up a significant technical capacity for spring protection and construction of shallow hand dug wells. In April 98, Alternatives and Development Workshop (DK) took over this project with a specific mandate to ensure that the emergency intervention become more sustainable by working with local partners. The current programme operates with a staff of 41 (40 nationals and one expatriate engineer). The 1997-1998 intervention concluded in conditions of relative space. By the end of the second operating years March 1999, Angola had been plunged again into war and Humanbo specifically was under siege.


  •  Support local communities in Huambo Province for rehabilitation of social infrastructure destroyed in Angolan civil war;
  • To secure a safe and sustainable water source for 35 000 people;
  • 50 new water points constructed or rehabilitated to reasonable standard;
  • Community based maintenance and management systems on 50 sites;
  • Water at points free of faecal coliforms;
  • Rehabilitation programmes of 10 locally active organisations supported by strengthening their interventions in the water and sanitation borders;
  • Monitoring system about both technical and social aspects of project activities established;
  • Partnership with government partner.


  •  Well Construction and Rehabilitation
    • Start and complete construction of 33 new wells;
    • Start and complete rehabilitation of 20 wells.
  • Community-Based Maintenance and Management Systems
    • Formation of 50 water committees;
    • 12 training sessions on prevention of diarrhoea and malaria for all newly formed water committees;
    • 21000 supervisions/support visits to community water points;
    • 80 environmental sanitation/health education sessions for beneficiaries;
    • Health/sanitary education sessions for 15 000.
  • Monitoring of the technical component:
    • Use of sieved sand;
    • Re-crushing gravel to the size required;
    • Follow proper curing process;
    • Lowering of water content of concrete mix;
    • Well digging using two men at a time;
    • Slower rate of de-watering of wells
    • Decreasing the amount of re-bars used in concrete ring production;
    • Production and use of porous ring in wells;
    • Introduction of proper way of transporting concrete rings;
    • Introduction of proper and centralised production of well covers;
    • Introduction of a new and better unitary design of pump stand and well cover;
    • Start of central hand pump maintenance centre
    • Construction of sanitary seals where it was missing.
1999 - 2000