Angola : ONJILA Program for the renovation of the education system


The prolonged war in Angola has seriously impacted the quality of school conditions, on both academic and material levels, which in turn affects human development potential, social dialogue and the power of Angolan democratic institutions. Fleeing combat zones and in constant pursuit of safety, over the past years parents and teachers have struggled to provide schooling for their children.


The ONJILA program was set up by Alternatives and our Angolan partner ADRA (Acçao para o Desenvolvimento Rural y Ambiante - Action for Rural and Environmental Development) to respond to these problems and help integrate the curriculum into the community’s general activities. To improve the school conditions for 18,000 students in Benguela Province in western Angola, the program specifically aims to:

  • upgrade the equipment and materials in schools
  • strengthen the pedagogical aspects of the curriculum in elementary schools
  • strengthen the relations between schools and communities
  • strengthen the partnerships between schools, the Ministry of Education and other institutions

 Of the 432 teachers in the intervention zone, 197 had not been trained. So, for five months they underwent CAT teacher training offered by ADRA, our Angolan partner responsible for managing day-to-day activities.


Of the 26 schools overseen by the program, 7 were renovated and 3 new ones were built. Desks, chairs, blackboards and textbooks were distributed to meet the variable needs of different schools.

During our last field mission in May 2003, we noted improved relations between schools and communities through various extra-curricular activities involving: students (community gardens, vaccination campaigns, reforestation, assistance to flood victims, etc.), parents (creation of parent committees, participation in reconstruction/renovation work, citizen forums, etc.), and teachers (integrating learning objectives into community activities involving students and parents, support for networks of children, adapting curricula to real life in the community, etc.).

2002 - 2003
Benguela Province