Angola: Starting over in Tumbulo

In collaboration with ADRA


In November 1997, troops from União Nacional para a Independencia Total de Angola (UNITA), military-political group which previously occupied several more areas of the province of Malange, finally agreed to demobilize and integrate within a new structure of government. This new turnaround finally helped hundreds of families to return home when they were virtually held captive behind the front line since 1992. These families wanted to relocate the seat belt that surrounds the town of Cubal.

The project aimed to support 2,000 families in an extremely difficult situation in the town of Tumbulo, because in areas controlled by UNITA, no support was provided to them for several years. During this period, these families have had access to few tools and seeds, and cases of illness and death in these conditions are therefore numerous. Currently, these populations are extremely vulnerable, and while the assistance is a strict matter of urgency, we must orient the planned intervention in the sense of an actual rehabilitation and create the conditions of stability and self-sufficiency prior to their development.


  • Improve the living standards of communities, in view of their autonomy;
  • Stabilize approximately 2000 families recently returned to their home villages.


Some important issues are altering the results expected from the program including: the political-military situation and the numbers of refugee considerably higher than originally planned in the region of Cubal (total of 22 500 families in 3081 the only project area).

  • Reorganize the agro-pecuniary in Tumbulo commune:
    • Acquisition, transport and distribution of 13,000 agricultural tools (traditional and European hoes, picks, shovels);
    • Acquisition, transport and distribution of 28 000 kg of seeds (cereals, peanuts, vegetables);
    • Rehabilitation of cultivable area;
    • Re-Opening of 1727 meters of trails;
    • Energizing the work of 20 peasant associations;
    • Construction of a mobile tree nursery to facilitate the distribution of plants;
    • Inquiry on the possessions of lands of refugees;
    • Distribution of a quarter hectare of arable land to each family;
    • Distribution of basic necessities (clothing, shoes, miles, oil, salt, beans).
  • Build and/or rehabilitate social and economic infrastructure of populations recently resettled
    • Rehabilitation and equipping of a school of the first level;
    • Drilling of two wells;
    • Rehabilitation of a road (19km) leading to the beneficiary region, and two others leading to the river Cubal and the airstrip;
    • Construction of an aqueduct connecting Cubal to Jerequete.
  • Contribute to the reorganization of community beneficiaries
    • Identification and classification of community organizations and church groups already existent;
    • Institutional support to 6 of these organizations (a rustic association, a group for adult education, a literacy group, a group of health promotion and two traditional community groups);
    • Creation of the Recreation Association of Tumbulo (support to the municipal soccer team);
    • Implementation of 10 workshops and two seminars in the context of a broader campaign to promote community health (maternal, child);
    • Construction of 36 workshops on civic education;
    • Construction of 15 meetings with the traditional leaders.
1998 - 1999
Tumbulo Cubal, BGU