Cuba et Haïti: Rooftop Gardens

In collaboration with the Red Latinoamericana de Investigaciones en Agricultura Urbana (AGUILA) and Antonio Nunez Jimenez Foundation

Context:
The Republic of Cuba was facing a major economic crisis when its main supplier, the Soviet bloc, collapsed in the years 1990-1991. To succeed in overcoming hunger and malnutrition, and without fertilizers, herbicides, insecticides and oil, the government gave up the industrial agricultural model and turned to sustainable practices to better meet the needs of the population. During the Revolution truly "green", many models were developed to maximize production and minimize transport. Urban agriculture, entirely organic, is one of these models and is now well integrated into the urban fabric and continues to play a crucial role in food security and the local economy. The project seeks to extend the "green revolution" into the sphere of family and community. From the production of fruits, vegetables, flowers, herbs and medicinal plants to diversify the diet to improve health to the waste reduction, reuse, recycling and composting, the gardens of nearby offer many advantages.

Objectives:

  • Contribute to the establishment of a urban "culture" greener and more "sustainable" to better integrate the achievements of urban agriculture in domestic and community;
  • Develop a collaboration Canada / Cuba for the setting-up of a model "south" for gardening on rooftops;
  • Promote food production (fruits, vegetables, flowers, medicinal and spice plants) and animal;
  • Promote the creation of new green spaces for families and communities.

Phase 1: Development of demonstration gardens and 'pairing with Montreal "

  • Identify the most promising partner sites (visibility, accessibility, reproducibility) in Havana, Santiago or Sanci Spiritu;
  • Develop a demonstrative garden to promote rooftop gardens;
  • Build on this site a resource center to promote exchanges, trainings and workshops;
  • Promote exchanges of technics and operations by pairing Cuban and Canadian sites.

Phase II: Consolidation, multiplication and expansion of partnerships

  • Consolidate the demonstrative gardens and gardener's network;
  • Continue training;
  • Provide financial assistance to the establishment of other training sites in diversifying applications (schools, senior center, parent group of women;
  • Finalize communication tools allowing the multiplication of the project (guide, video, brochures);
  • Through our Cuban partner AGUILA, promote roof gardens for the cities of South America;
  • Develop partnerships and seek funding for a similar project in Haiti with the help of Cuba

Phase III: Pilot project in another country in trouble in the region (Haitii);

  • Identify the most promising partner sites (visibility, accessibility, reproducibility) in Haiti;
  • Collaboration Canada / Cuba to build a garden pilot in Haiti and to promote rooftop gardens;
  • Collaboration Cuba / Haiti;
  • Build on this site a resource center to promote exchanges, training and workshops.

Results:

  • Demonstration Centre for food production on rooftops, balconies and vertical spaces;
  • Demonstration Site for composting and vermicomposting;
  • A network of rooftop gardeners;
  • 100 people trained in permaculture, gardening in container, in simplified hydroponics, but also in nutrition and health by plants;
  • Documentation of the project followed to ensure its propagation;
  • Expanded partnership.
Year: 
2005
Contact Person & Details: 
Ismael Hautecoeur: ismael@alternatives.ca
Locations: 
Cuba
Haiti