DRC: Emergency Program and rehabilitation in Congo

In collaboration with the Groupe d’étude et d’action pour le développement bien défini.

Context:

The conflict that was supposed to be a blitz bogged down and starting his seventh month, and no end is in sight despite the proliferation of mediations. Neither side seems willing to give up despite the political and economic pressures that are exerted on all the protagonists. With the support of allies (mainly Angola and Zimbabwe), the Kinshasa government seeks to cling to power, but the task seems difficult. Since Kabila came to power, he could not work with opposition parties and at the same time, he has angered organizations of civil society who even though they had fought hard for the fall of Mobutu regime.

The DRC, which is proposed as an alternative, is a politically very weak and heterogeneous structure as its political project seems to be as undefined than the Kabila ones two years ago. The movement has been criticized by the population for its dependence on Rwanda and Uganda. For now, mediation meetings multiply without any results. From both sides, the belligerents reinforce their armies in the country are the de facto partition.

Meanwhile the life of the population is deteriorating. In Bukavu the capital of South Kivu, which is controlled by the RCD, although UN agencies such as the FAQ says that food prices are stable, hunger hits hard.

Insecurity caused by military unpaid for several months and by militiamen persists in both North and South.

Despite the attacks of Interahamwe militia and May May that recur in North Kivu, people move from Goma to Masisi and vice versa. The urban population buys in rural markets.

Local organizations, such as GEAD that is our main partner, are able to work and help people meet their basic needs. Thus, we have achieved our project emergency, rehabilitation and support peaceful coexistence with funding from CIDA. The project began in December 1997 with a seminar on the approach to " Do no harm ".

Objectives:

  • Providing to the basic needs of the vulnerable populations by providing various materials for survival: blankets, tarpaulins, cooking pots, plates, cups;
  • Rehabilitate various agricultural activities through the provision of agricultural tools, vegetable seeds and food, pesticides;
  • Rehabilitate income generating activities for women by providing them with livestock products, inputs agricultural, homemade products, soap and working capital for small trade;
  • Rehabilitate road and school infrastructure;
  • Contribute to the establishment of lasting peace through a combination of emergency aid, rehabilitation, education and civic action of pacification;
  • Contribute to improving health by providing drinking water to the population and relief from the drudgery of fetching for women and children;

Achievements:

  • The mobilization was made;
  • The statistics were adapted to the project. Beneficiaries were accurately identified at each site;
  • The site of Goma has been removed to facilitate the return of IDPs to their villages of origin;
  • Programs established distribution with every detail to enhance the success of operations and monitoring have already been performed on the axis edge of Lake Kivu and in sites within the territory of Masisi and Walikale Nord West;
  • Activities for the reconstruction of peace were made;
  • The project increased collaboration between NGDOs in the province;
  • A workshop on emergency management was conducted from 5 to 7 February 1998 in Goma, North Kivu CRONGD and GEAD, helped define the basis of this collaboration;
  • IDPs have regained their hometowns;
  • The different ethnic communities present in the Project Area have benefited from the project activities without distinctions;
  • The basic equipment and school supplies were distributed;
  • 12 drinking water sources arranged on the axis-Masisi Machumbi;
  • 2 farmers have received training in management of drinking water sources and maintenance;
  • The drinking water are served Nyabiondo completed with 22 fountains built;
  • 4,024 people are served Nyabiondo drinking water, by abduction of 1 km;
  • Agriculture and livestock: 20kg of vegetable seeds and agricultural implements working tools are provided to farmers;
  • Production of food seeds (beans, peanuts, soybeans) to 7109 kg;
  • In small animals, animals (rabbits, roosters and hens) were given to communities based on the Masisi-Machumbi;
  • Women and men were trained in the technique of small livestock held for them on the Masisi-Machumbi;
  • As part of income generation, women have the raw material for homemade soap;
  • Training in arboriculture has been provided as part of reforestation;
  • Acquisition of forest seeds and planting materials (wheelbarrows, spades, rakes, bags ...);
  • Installation of five nurseries in the Masisi-Machumbi;

Duration:

  • Urgency: 3 months;
  • Rehabilitation: 9 months

Year: 
1997 - 1998
Locations: 
Congo (Kinshasa)