Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and the Occupied Territories: The Development in the Arab World after the Gulf War


The current context of the post-Gulf War force NGOs working in development in the Middle East and North Africa to ask some basic questions. It is known that socio-economic impact of this war are huge on the countries of the region, both the countries directly concerned, such as Kuwait and Iraq, and the peripheral countries such as Lebanon, the occupied territories, Yemen, Sudan, and also more distant countries such as Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia. A particular focus should be given at first to the question of minorities, the recognition of peoples' rights and democracy and, secondly, to the environmental crisis on a scale not seen before because of the many wells that still burning oil in Kuwait and whose have a grave impact on ecosystems, reaching neighboring countries and even Asia.

The organization of a mission in the Middle East was decided by the reference group on the Gulf of the Canadian Council for International Cooperation.


  • Provide avenues for reflection and guidance on fundamental issues already mentioned;
  • Join the public by strengthening the presence of CEAD but also by joining journalists with more specialized activities;
  • To guide and encourage reflection and work of NGOs working in the area or are planning to do;
  • Strengthen the existing links between Quebec, Canada and Arab countries and trying to create new ones;
  • Maximize participation of women in development;
  • Offer workshops.


  • Lebanon

The mission will be held from January 15 to 20 and involved, in addition to the two consultants (Pierre Beaudet and Nassib El-Husseini), there are three participants (Valerie Melnikoff, Kim Hilton Leyla and Raphael). The work plan was very demanding and involved meetings with many groups. Special assistance was provided to the mission by IDRC, the Coordination pour le développement du Liban and Lebanese NGO Forum. Two seminars convened by Lebanese NGOs were organized in this framework.

  • Occupied territories

The second part of the mission took place in the occupied territories, from 22 to 26 January. Participants were the same, but the consultants were this time Pierre Beaudet and Rashad Antonius. The Canadian Embassy, Bir Zeit University and the Arab Tough Forum were among the organizations that helped the most, especially during a consultation with more than 70 Palestinian NGOs conducted in Jerusalem on January 25, a meeting organized with the help of a local consultant, Mark Taylor.

  • Jordan

The third part of the mission took place in Jordan, from January 26 to February 2. The participants have changed: Valerie Melnikoff has departed and Al-Nashir Jamal, Harry Veldstra, David Melville, Janet MacPherson and Peter Daglish are added. Consultants during this period were Pierre Beaudet and Nassib El-Husseini. The program was jointly organized with several organizations including the Canadian Embassy and the Queen Alia Social Welfare Foundation.

  • Iraq

The fourth part took place in Iraq February 2 to 11, with the same participants, who were joined by a local consultant, Eric Hoskin. Certainly, the most difficult portion of this mission was still made ​​to the satisfaction of participants. Several organizations are subsequently retracted to leave Amman for Canada on Feb. 13 (some participants remained there to work on projects of their own bodies).

Duration: 61 days

1991 - 1992